Study on Plastics Material Flow and COVID19-Related Medical Waste in Nepal

To tackle plastic waste generation and disposal in a systematic manner, the Government of Nepal aims to develop a National Plastic Pollution Reduction Strategy.

There is a need for a better understanding of the contribution of plastic waste to river pollution in major cities in Nepal. This knowledge can help to inform investment and policy reform priorities for improved management of municipal waste and plastic-containing medical wastes.

What we are doing

The purpose of the project was to develop an improved understanding of the types, volumes and composition of macro plastic pollution generated from urban centres leaking into riverine systems in Nepal.

The focus of the project was upon Kathmandu Valley, Nepalgunj and Biratnagar and included the following activities:

  1. Estimation of the types and quantities of plastic waste expected to be generated in response to the Covid-19 response from medical centres and health clinics.
  2. Evaluation and analysis of the constituents of plastics, including medical waste as well as other sources of plastic waste, within the municipal solid waste streams
  3. Identification and investigation of the major points of leakage of plastic waste into local waterways.
  4. An assessment of existing treatment/disposal systems for medical waste and of related plastic / medical waste management regulations.

The analysis of plastics material flows and estimates of the leakage of plastics waste into water channels was used to derive recommendations to inform management strategies and associated investment and policy reform priorities.

Project Name

Study on Plastics Material Flow and COVID19-Related Medical Waste in Nepal

project status

Start: January 2021
End: May 2021


World Bank

contact person

Jonathan Parkinson

Associate Director, Cities and Resilient Development
last updated

March 8, 2021