Nepal: Sustainable urban transport

Addressing the need for the development of a clear plan for the future transport system of the Kathmandu Valley.

The plan needed to incorporate the principles of low-carbon Sustainable Urban Transport and outline policy on investment decisions, infrastructure, mass-transit, land use, private vehicle regulation and management, public transport promotion and pedestrian facilities.

It addressed the danger of doing nothing in the urban transport sector and of allowing current trends to continue.


  • development of a Strategic Vision for sustainable transport in the Kathmandu Valley, including:an assessment of government policy through multi-criteria analysis; analysis of institutional structure and capacity to deliver SUT policy, with recommendations to improve capacity, and establishment of a sustainable urban transport fund
  • public transport improvements: Study of an integrated public transport terminal; study of multi-modal transport parking terminal/facilities in the city centre; feasibility study of public transport service rationalization and franchising arrangements; recommendations on low-carbon public transport vehicles
  • traffic management: Ddevelopment of a central area traffic management plan; recommendations for local area road management improvements; development of a vehicle registration and inspection regime; production of a private vehicle parking plan; design and feasibility of pedestrianised, vehicle restraint or limited access areas in the Kathmandu city centre
  • improvement of Pedestrian Facilities: Recommendations for enforcement measures for certain pedestrian areas; Feasibility study for the pedestrianisation of Heritage Walk, Thamel and surrounding areas popular with locals and tourists alike; recommendations on segregated pedestrian links to public transport terminals
  • social protection and resettlement: consideration the transport needs of vulnerable and disadvantaged communities, including women and girls, the mobility impaired, poor people and the elderly were an integral part of the project and was mainstreamed through all project activities. These considerations are reflected in the final KSUT plan. A resettlement policy and plan were prepared, according to ADB standards
Project Name

PPTA: Kathmandu Sustainable Urban Transport Project (KSUT)

project status

Complete (2009-2010)


Asian Development Bank

Related focus areas
key teammates
contact person

Suraj Rana

Regional Director, Asia
last updated

February 10, 2017